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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 161 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. ? 《福建通志台灣府》,(台灣文獻叢刊第八四種,台北,臺灣銀行經濟研究室,1977
    2. ? 台灣銀行經濟研究室編,《清高宗實錄選輯》,《文叢》第186 種(台北:台灣銀
    3. ?王泰升,《台灣法律史的建立》台大法學叢書107(台北:自刊,1997 年9 月)
    4. ? 王泰升,《台灣日治時期的法律改革》(台北:聯經出版,1999 年4 月)
    5. ? Michel Foucault,劉北成、楊遠嬰譯,《規則與懲罰:監獄的誕生》,(台北:桂
    Times Cited (10) 〈TOP〉
    1. 蘇子翔(2015)。臺灣日治時期的族群治理。清華大學社會學研究所學位論文。2015。1-84。 
    2. 石廷宇(2011)。日治時期台灣新文學小說中的貧困書寫-以社會事業作為參照閱讀的策略。清華大學台灣文學研究所學位論文。2011。1-229。 
    3. 王珮瑩(2010)。日治時期臺灣「不良少年」的誕生。清華大學歷史研究所學位論文。2010。1-219。 
    4. 黃志仁(2013)。遊民接受社會服務經驗之探究。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2013。1-89。 
    5. 吳家豪(2017)。我國監所作業之研究。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2017。1-268。 
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