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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 180 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林怡馨譯(2004)。《新世紀大眾媒介社會史》。台北縣:韋伯。(原書 Gorman, L., & McLean, D.[2001]. Media and society in the twentieth century: An historical introduction. Malden, MA : Blackwell Pub.)
  2. 黃浩榮(2005)。《公共新聞學 審議民主的觀點》。台北:巨流。
  3. 董娟娟(2004)。〈威權政治與知識經濟並進下的監視社會發展—以新加坡的網路管制體制為例〉,《東南亞學刊》,1(2): 85-135。
  4. Ang, P., W., & Nadarajan, B.(1996). Censorship and the Internet: A Singapore
  5. Atkins, W.(2002). The Politics of Southeast Asia’s New Media. London : Curzon.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡孟珊(2010)。邁向自我實現的道路: PeoPo高參與度公民記者之發文探討。政治大學廣播電視學研究所學位論文。2010。1-241。
  2. 葉思敏(2013)。美國菁英報<<華盛頓郵報>>與<<華爾街日報>>如何報導2001-2008年小布希執政時期有關美中台關係報導之分析。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2013。1-91。
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