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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 197 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王仁越(2006)。政府資訊公開法簡介。法務通訊,第2310 期,頁3-6。
  2. 王郁琦(1996a)。政府資訊公開法制與NII 建設。資訊法務透析,頁19-25。
  3. 王郁琦(1996b)。網路上的隱私權之問題。資訊法務透析,頁37-40。
  4. 第10 輯,(頁703-717)。台北:銓敆部。
  5. 李美華(1998)。社會科學研究方法。台北:時英出版社。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪佳惠(2009)。民眾對電子化政府觀點之探討-以桃園縣政府為例。元智大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2009。1-125。 
  2. 羅晉(2010)。政府網站資訊公開的委託代理分析。政治大學公共行政研究所學位論文。2010。1-208。
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