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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 248 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許富雄。「數位時代合理使用之再探討:以反規避條款為中心」。中原大學,財經法律研究所,碩士論文,民93年。
  2. 陳曉慧。網際網路與著作權。臺北市:經濟部智慧局,民96年。
  3. 章忠信。著作權法的第一堂課。臺北市:書泉,民93年。
  4. 章忠信。著作權法逐條釋義。臺北市:五南,民96年。
  5. 賀德芬。「著作權侵害的責任與損害賠償」。文化創新與商業契機著作權法論文集。臺北市:月旦:民83年。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張玲韶(2011)。Google之著作權爭議研析 -以Google搜尋及Google圖書為中心。中興大學法律學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-234。 
  2. 藍源德(2009)。台灣電子書閱讀器行業之發展條件與市場前景之研究。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-74。 
  3. 何宗恩(2008)。從Michael Walzer的角度論美國著作權判決的合法性—以合理使用原則發展為中心。政治大學法律學研究所學位論文。2008。1-194。
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