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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王靜怡(1998)。《女性BBS社群的衝突處理--符擔性概念談PTT「站崗的女人」版集體合作溝通行為》。政治大學新聞研究所碩士論文。
  2. 李維譯(1998)。《思維與語言》,台北︰桂冠。(原書Vygotsky, L.S. Thought and Language. )
  3. 李惠仁(2009)。《睜開左眼》。政治大學傳播學院在職專班畢業作品。
  4. 林文源( 2007)。〈論行動者網絡理論的行動本體論〉, 《科技、醫療與社會》,第4期,頁65-108。
  5. 林志明(2002)。《布赫迪厄論電視》,台北:麥田。(原書 Bourdieu, Pierre【1996】Sur la Television Suivi de L'Emprise du Journalisme. Liber-Raisons d'Agir.)
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