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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Bell, A. (1991). The Language of News Media. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
    2. Breed, W. (1955). Social control in the newsroom: A Functional analysis. Social Forces, 33, 326-335.
    3. Brown, J. D. e. a. (1987). Invisible power:Newspaper News Sources and The Limits of Diversity. Journalism Quarterly, 64, 45-54.
    4. Craig, R. L. (2004). Business, Advertising, and the Social Control of News. Journal of Communication Inquiry, 28, 233-252.
    5. Davis, A. (2007). The economic inefficiencies of market liberalization : The case of financial information in the London Stock Exchange. Global Media and Communication 3, 157-177.
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 洪敦懌(2016)。我國凶宅資訊制度之研究-兼論美國污名化不動產。逢甲大學土地管理學系學位論文。2016。1-154。 
    2. 羅 真(2015)。國家、權力菁英與主流媒體共構的城市發展想像-以都市更新報導為例。中正大學傳播學系電訊傳播研究所學位論文。2015。1-145。
    3. 趙春暉(2017)。以敘事觀點分析習馬會兩岸新聞報導。淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-136。
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