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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王德睦、陳寬政(1996)。台灣地區家戶組成之推計。台灣社會學刊,19,9-33。
  2. 李美慧(2008)。女性勞動參與率、高等教育率、結婚率及女性失業率對台灣地區生育率之影響─以縱斷面VAR模式為實證研究。多國籍企業管理評論,2(2),93-101。
  3. 林佩琪(2003)。已婚婦女之子女價值、理想子女數、與性別偏好─世代觀點之比較分析。國立台灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系家政教學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 孫得雄、陳肇男、李棟明(2001)。台灣家庭計畫之轉折與政策經驗。台灣經濟預測與政策,32,25-76。
  5. 陳彥仁(2006)。台灣生育率下降因素之實證探討。國立成功大學政治經濟學研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 游雅喬(2015)。台灣未來五十年人口預測。淡江大學產業經濟學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-69。 
  2. 曾怡華(2011)。臺灣生育政策之研究-以雙北市家庭為例。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2011。1-74。
  3. 方正華(2016)。台灣地區精液品質初探及與生育率之相關—以台北市為例。中國醫藥大學公共衛生學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-63。
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