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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 273 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李甲孚,《中國古代婦女生活》,台北:黎明文化事業股份有限公司,1973。
  2. 張國剛,《中國史研就的新視野》,北京:三聯書店,2004。
  3. 熊秉真,《幼幼:傳統中國的襁褓之道》,台北:聯經出版事業公司,1995。
  4. 潘重規編著,《敦煌變文集新書》,台北:中國文化大學中文研究所敦煌學研究,1984。
  5. (法)Philippe Ariés, Centuries of Childhood: A Social of Family Life , New York Vintage Books 1962.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖惠霖(2014)。八世紀前半唐代後宮與政治。中興大學歷史學系所學位論文。2014。1-180。 
  2. 陳啟文(2012)。醫方所見唐代婦女的生育與療養。中興大學歷史學系所學位論文。2012。1-166。 
  3. 黃千芳(2010)。秦漢時代的生育禮俗。成功大學歷史學系學位論文。2010。1-98。
  4. 殷童娟(2014)。父母責任法制之研究-以國民教育階段為中心。國立臺北教育大學教育經營與管理學系文教法律碩士班學位論文。2014。1-209。
  5. 王貞潔(2015)。禮法與人情──唐代的父女關係。臺北大學歷史學系學位論文。2015。1-82。
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