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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 19 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [1] 蕭琦穎, “以原子層沉積法生長銦摻雜氧化鋅膜於(11-20)面氧化鋁基板之特性研究” ,國立中興大學物理學研究所 碩士論文 (2010).
  2. [3] 吳晉坤, “銦鋅氧化物(IZO)透明導電薄膜應用於高功率
  3. [4] “Atomic Layer Epitaxy”, edited by T. Suntola and M. Simposn (1990).
  4. [5] 徐國偉, “氧化鋅鎵透明導電膜之光電特性與其在氮化鎵上歐姆接觸特性之研究” ,國立成功大學光電科學與工程研究所 碩士論文 (2006).
  5. [6] 胡慶忠, “氧化鋅鋁透明導電膜在氮化鎵上歐姆接觸特性研究
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