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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 246 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1963 《清代臺灣大租調查書》,臺文叢第152種。臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究
  2. 1966 《雍正硃批奏摺選輯》,臺文叢第300種。臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研
  3. 1962 《苗栗縣志》,臺文叢第159種。臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室。
  4. 1957 《東瀛紀事》,臺文叢第8種。臺北:臺灣銀行經濟研究室。
  5. 1959 《戴施兩案記略》,臺文叢第47種。臺北:臺銀經濟研究室。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱曉燕(2013)。西湖溪下游地域社會之形成與變遷。交通大學客家文化學院客家社會與文化學程學位論文。2013。1-165。 
  2. 賴國誠(2013)。苗栗三叉河金華生三十二股之發展與經營。交通大學客家文化學院客家社會與文化學程學位論文。2013。1-175。 
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