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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 282 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王進學、葉德銘。2013。菊花之細胞膜熱穩定性檢測及其應用於篩選耐熱實生苗。
  2. 江忠穎。2007。不同葉色甘藷的葉綠素螢光及葉片反射光譜特性。國立中興大學生命科學系碩士論文。台中。pp. 109。
  3. 行政院農業委員會農糧署。2012。荔枝。p. 95。102 年農業統計年報。行政院農業委員會農糧署。
  4. 行政院農業委員會農糧署。2012。荔枝。p. 187。臺灣地區主要農產品產銷及進出口量值101 年。行政院農業委員會農糧署。
  5. 李志中、洪進雄。2010。以電解質滲漏率評估四種萵苣幼苗之耐熱性。植物種苗12(1):1-12.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 昌佳致(2016)。高溫環境之兔眼及高叢藍莓生理及形態觀察。臺灣大學 園藝暨景觀學系學位論文。2016。1-78。 
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