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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 328 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 9. 王健文,《奉天承運——古代中國的「國家」概念及其正當性基礎》台北:
    2. 31. 杜正勝,《編戶齊民——傳統政治社會結構之形成》,臺北:聯經出版事業公司,1990年3月。
    3. 41. 林安梧,《儒學與中國傳統社會之哲學省察——以「血緣性縱貫軸」為核心的理解與詮釋》,臺北:幼獅文化事業公司,1996年4月初版。
    4. 45. 周金聲,《中國經濟思想史》,臺北:周金聲著作發行所,1965年7月
    5. 67. 徐復觀,《中國經學史的基礎——博士性格的演變》,臺北:臺灣學生書局,1982年。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳姿彣(2009)。《西京雜記》之研究。中興大學中國文學系所學位論文。2009。1-128。 
    2. 康凱鈞(2010)。從君權探討《春秋繁露》與獨尊儒術之關係。政治大學政治研究所學位論文。2010。1-97。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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