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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 160 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李德竹。「由圖書館資訊服務規劃我國圖書館資訊素養之培育方針與評量指標」。臺北市:臺灣大學圖書館系暨研究所,民86年。行政院國家科學委員會專題研究計畫,NSC 86-2413-H-002-031。
  2. 吳麗花。「台北縣國民小學教師資訊素養與教學專業能力關係之研究」。國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所,碩士論文,民90年。
  3. 胡宇光、謝寶煖。「大學資訊素養教育:加州州立大學之經驗」。在2003年資訊素養與終身學習社會國際研討會會議論文集,台北市,民國92年10月23日,景祥祜、吳美美編,頁146-161。台北市:中華資訊素養學會,2003。
  4. 柯雲娥。「傳播學門大學生資訊素養能力的研究」。國立政治大學圖書資訊研究所,碩士論文,民93年。
  5. 楊美華。「政大圖書資訊與檔案學研究所課程規劃的理念」。在中華圖書資訊學教育學會CALISE 九十三年第六屆第二次會員大會會議手冊,台中市,民國93年12月17日,中華圖書資訊學教育學會及國立中興大學圖書資訊學研究所編,頁17-18。台中市:中華圖書資訊學教育學會,2004。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 趙燕婷(2012)。科技大學學生資訊素養能力評估之研究。臺灣師範大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2012。1-100。
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