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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 110 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許惠貞(2001)。《打造兒童閱讀環境》。臺北:天衛文化公司。
  2. 蕭新煌(2000)。《非營利部門組織與運作》。臺北:巨流圖書公司。
  3. 陳永昌(2006)。〈公共圖書館與嬰幼兒閱讀¬-以「Bookstart 閱讀起步走」運動為例〉,《臺北市立圖書館館訊》,第24期,頁97-101。
  4. 陳永昌(2009)。〈讓每一位孩子都是小小愛書人-「Bookstart閱讀起步走計畫」在臺推動三年紀事〉。《臺北市立圖書館館訊》,第26期,頁17-23。
  5. 陳叡智、張以寧(2007)。《交易特性、交易成本與夥伴關係之關聯性研究-以製造商與專業物流業者為例》。2007第11屆科技整合管理研討會,頁207-226。
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