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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 范貴珠、許博行、張峻德 (2001) 土壤鹽度對欖李苗木光合作用之影響。林業研究季刊 23(3):47-62。
  2. 陳明男 (2002) 四種台灣紅樹林植物對光度與溫度之生理反應。國立中興大學森林學系碩士論文。4-34頁。
  3. 翁韶良 (2012) 不同光適應性之木本及蕨類植物之氣體交換與葉綠素螢光特性。國立中興大學生命科學學系博士論文。13-14頁。
  4. 郭宇翔 (2013) 低溫逆境下對水稻幼苗光生理指標與光抑制之影響。國立台灣大學農藝學系碩士論文。46-47頁。
  5. 郭耀綸、陳瑄培 (2005) 南仁山森林四種台灣特稀有樹種之光合作用光反應及溫度反應。台灣林業科學 20(3):215-26。
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