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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 70 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王培蓉、鄭欽龍、鄭祈全 (2000) 六龜試驗林森林經營決策中發展地方民眾參與之研究。臺灣林業科學 15(2): 245-255。
  2. 王瑋龍、洪婷靖、趙麗玲、溫育德、林宗岐、林素華 (2010) 大專學生環境態度 之研究。生物科學,52(2): 1-14。
  3. 任憶安 (1992) 國人對森林認知程度之研究,林業試驗所研究報告季刊7(2): 121-129。
  4. 李宛霖 (2013) 惠蓀林場生態教育課程教學成效評估之研究。國立中興大學森林學 研究所碩士學位論文。84頁。
  5. 李俊志、羅紹麟 (2008) 私有林主休閒林業經營行爲意向模式之研究-以台中縣私有林主爲例。林業研究季刊 30(4): 41-51。
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