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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王柏青、侯景雄(1995)關渡濕地遊客環境態度類群之研究。觀光研究學報 1(4):1-20。
  2. 交通部觀光局(2002)2001年國人旅遊狀況調查,交通部觀光局。
  3. 交通部觀光局(2012)2011年國人旅遊狀況調查,交通部觀光局。
  4. 江昱仁、蔡進發、黃馨嬅(2008)生態旅遊地遊客動機與場所依戀之研究─以墾丁國家公園南仁山生態保護區為例。生物與休閒事業研究 6(3):47-70。
  5. 李思屏、林晏州(2001)遊客對生態旅遊之環境態度與行爲關係之研究-以關渡自然公園爲例。戶外遊憩研究 14(3):15-36。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳京翰(2016)。遊客環境態度、破壞行為意向與認知失調之研究。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2016。1-108。
  2. 張簡仕傑(2017)。遊憩專門化程度、環境態度與環境行為關係之研究:以登山與攀岩為例。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2017。1-127。
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