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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許榮華。2013。台灣文心蘭切花產銷現況及產業經營需求。台中區農業改良場特刊, 201-207。
  2. 黃肇家。1998。文心蘭切花之乙烯生成及外加乙烯與去除花藥蓋對花朵品質之影響。中華農業研究 47: 125-134。
  3. 吳雨哲。2002。蝴蝶蘭乙烯不敏感基因 (PeEIN3) 之選殖與特性分析。國立成功大學碩士論文。
  4. Yang, S.F., and Oetiker, J.H. (1998). Molecular biology of ethylene biosynthesis and its application in horticulture. 園藝學會雜誌 67, 1209-1214.
  5. Van de Poel, B., Cooper, E.D., Delwiche, C.F., and Chang, C. (2015). An Evolutionary perspective on the plant hormone ethylene. In Ethylene in Plants, Springer Netherlands, pp. 109-134.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李賢啟(2018)。阿拉伯芥關鍵轉錄因子EIN3蛋白質之結構與功能性分析。中興大學生命科學系所學位論文。2018。1-98。
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