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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 207 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李瑞全,儒家生命倫理學,鵝湖出版社,2000年9月再版。
  2. 李震山,人性尊嚴與人權保障,元照出版有限公司,2011年10月,四版一刷。
  3. 麥可.桑德爾(Michael J. Sandel),反對完美-科技與人性的正義之戰(The Case Against Perfection: Ethics in the Age of Genetic Engineering),黃慧慧譯,博雅書屋出版,2003年4月。
  4. 道金斯(Richard Dawkins),自私的基因(The Selfish Gene),趙淑妙譯,天下文化,2011年9月15日,二版九刷。
  5. 王海南,人工生殖子女之法律地位-兼評「人工生殖法」中涉及身分關係之相關規定,法令月刊,58卷8期,2007年8月,頁102-116。
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