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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 夏侯欣榮(2000)。台灣增資新股(SEO)上市後長期績效之整體研究。管理評論,第19卷,第2期,1-33。
  2. 林問一、楊和利、方滋聰(2006)。會計師與承銷商對現金增資公司從事盈餘管理之影響。風險管理學報,第8卷,第2期,157-176。
  3. 沈維民(1997)。企業之盈餘管理:以“會計方法選用”和“應計項目認列”為例。管理評論,第16卷,第1期,11-37。
  4. 陳樹(2002)。我國企業盈餘操縱問題之誘因影響與因應對策。當代會計,第3卷,第2期,231-242。
  5. Aharony, J., Lin, C., & Loeb, M. P. (1993). Initial public offerings, accounting choices, and earnings management. Contemporary Accounting Research, 10(1), 61-81.
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