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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 86 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文英、張清福,(2004),智慧資本影響績效模型之探討:我國半導體業之實證研究,會計評論,第39期 (7月):89-117.
  2. 王文英、李佳玲,(2008),我國資訊電子業之企業重要智慧資本-外部資訊使用者與內部人士之觀點,當代會計,第九卷,第一期:33-68.
  3. 朱博湧,雄杏華與楊川毅,(2007),跨國無形資產價值驅動因子之研究-以台灣、美國IC設計業為例,管理與系統,第十四卷,第二期,239-264.
  4. 李正文、黎子華,(2009),以智慧資本觀點評估台灣IC設計產業之財務經營績效,中原企管評論,第七卷,第2期:1-28.
  5. 林筱淇,(2012),策略一致性對企業績效影響之探討,國立中興大學行銷學系碩士論文.
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