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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 142 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8.最高法院,最高法院87年度第2次刑事庭會議,司法周刊第871期2版╱最高法院民刑事庭會議決議暨全文彙編,下冊,台北:最高法院,2003。
  2. 3.林承宇,網際網路有害內容管制之研究,廣播與電視,第18期,2002年1月,頁91-114。
  3. 4.施慧玲,論我國兒童人權法制之發展―兼談落實「聯合國兒童權利公約」之社會運動,中正法學集刊,第14期,2004年1月,頁169-204。
  4. 7.高玉泉,網際網路上兒童色情資訊規範之回顧與檢討(1999-2002)―一個由兒童人權出發的觀點,中正法學集刊,第11期,2003年4月,頁3-61。
  5. 11.陳人傑,通訊傳播基本法的管制原則,科技法律透析,第16卷第3期,2004年3月,頁43-51。
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