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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 249 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王懷賢(2013)。電子化政府資訊系統成功模型之研究-以財政部國產署為例(碩士論文)。國立臺灣大學,臺北市。
  2. 尤國明(2014)。運用雲端運算協助中小企業發展知識管理系統(碩士論文)。國立中山大學,高雄市。
  3. 朱斌妤、楊俊宏(2000)。電子化/網路化政府政策下行政機關生產力衡量模式與民眾滿意度落差之比較。管理評論,19(1),119-150。
  4. 何昶鴛、林俞君、薛夙珍(2014)。大學觀光休閒餐旅管理系學生校外實習知識管理系統之建置。觀光與休閒管理期刊,2(1),8-24。
  5. 林心慧、曾琬婷(2008)。顧客觀點之線上旅遊系統成功模式:整合理性層級理論與心流理論。電子商務學報,10(3),689-714。
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