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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 200 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Babbie, Earl著;李美華等譯。社會科學研究方法(The Practice of Social Research)。臺北市:時英,民87年。
  2. 比爾.蓋茲(Bill Gates)著;樂為良譯。數位神經系統:與思考等快的明日世界(Business @ the Speed of Thought: Using a Digital Nervous System)。臺北市:商周出版,民88年。
  3. 賴文智。圖書館與著作權法。臺北市:益思科技法律事務所,民91年。
  4. 賴文智。數位著作權法。臺北市:益思科技法律事務所,民92年。
  5. 王宏德、林安琪。「邁向國家博碩士論文數位圖書館的願景」。國家圖書館館訊 83期(民89年2月):頁34-38。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 杜飛燕(2011)。電子資源整合查詢系統功能需求之探討。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-125。 
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