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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 于樹偉(2006)。〈先進國家風險管理理念與架構〉。《研考雙月刊》,第30卷2期,頁12-24。
  2. 呂崇銘、呂適仲、許志宏(2010)。〈臺灣登山活動安全管理之研究〉。《管理實務與理論研究》,第4卷4期,頁33-141。
  3. 高振山、楊曼君(2006)。〈風險管理推動實務〉。《研考雙月刊》,第30卷2期,頁25-36。
  4. 張宗昌、余智生、解德春(2007)。〈以「風險管理」觀點建構登山安全〉。《嶺東體育暨休閒學刊》第5 期,頁54-65。
  5. 鄭志富( 1994 )。學校體育風險管理。臺灣省學校體育雙月刊, 4 ( 6 ),頁35-39 。
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