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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林嘉興、張林仁。1994。遮光處理對枇杷產期及品質之影響。枇杷生產技術。pp.117-126。
  2. 周靖凱、楊耀祥、張致盛。2008。修剪對鳳梨釋迦新梢生長及開花之影響。臺灣園藝 54(1): 35-45。
  3. 邱祝櫻、翁仁憲。2003。夜間間歇照光對印度棗生育之影響。行政院農業委員會高雄區農業改良場研究彙報 14(2): 1-9。
  4. 張育森、鄭正勇。1992。百香果光週性之研究。中國園藝 38: 63-71。
  5. 張繼中、李惠鈴、廖勁穎、黃文益。2014。鳳梨釋迦植株黃化改善研究。臺東區農業專訓 88:13-15。
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