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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Alexander, D. J. 1988. Newcastle Disease. Kluwer Academic, UK. 378pp.
  2. Anim. Sci. 35(3): 165-174.
  3. Daghir, N. J. 2008. Poultry production in hot climates. 2nd edition. Wallingford Publishers, UK. 387pp.
  4. Hart, A. 1989. Knowledge acquisition for expert systems. London, UK.
  5. Hess, J. C. and J. A. Pare. 2004. Viruses of waterfowl. Seminars in Avian and Exotic Pet Medicine. 13: 176-183.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 杜佳蓉(2013)。鹿病線上資訊系統。中興大學動物科學系所學位論文。2013。1-158。 
  2. 高仕軒(2013)。鴕鳥疾病線上查詢與初步診斷決策支援系統。中興大學動物科學系所學位論文。2013。1-122。 
  3. 李佩昭(2012)。羊病線上查詢與初步診斷決策支援系統。中興大學動物科學系所學位論文。2012。1-103。 
  4. 陳艾蓮(2012)。鵝病線上查詢與初步診斷決策支援系統。中興大學動物科學系所學位論文。2012。1-101。 
  5. 吳智文(2012)。特殊幼兒初篩系統之建置。中原大學工業與系統工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-51。
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