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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳長安(2008),「電子化政府」之經濟效益分析-以國庫電子支付制度為研究對象,國立中興大學應用經濟研究所未出版碩士論文。
    2. 劉一龍、陳寬政與楊靜利(2003),鼓勵生育與所得稅免稅額調整,台灣社會福利學刊,4(1),53-77。
    3. 鄭清霞與黃惠芬(2005),養育責任的集體分擔-公共財與外部性的分析,臺大社工學刊,10,55-112。
    4. Auerbach, A. J., J. Gokhale, and L. J. Kotlikoff , 1991, “ Generational Accounting: AMeaningful Alternative to Deficit Accounting,” Tax Policy and the Economy 5: 55-110.
    5. Auerbach, A. J., J. Gokhale, and L.J. Kotlikoff , 1994, “Generational Accounting: A Meaningful Way to Evaluate Fiscal Policy,” Journal of Economic Perspectives 8: 73-94.
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