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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 169 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂福原、歐辰雄、呂金誠 (1988) 台灣樹木解說 (二)。行政院農業委員會。
  2. 邱清安、林博雄 (2004) 由測站資料推估台灣之氣溫與降水之空間分布。大氣科學32 (4): 329–350。
  3. 張怡珮 (2009) 台灣中部北東眼山天然闊葉林土壤呼吸量之評估。中興大學森林學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 許文奕 (2012) 複式斷面治溪。再造惠蓀林場集水區。營建知訊353: 4–15。
  5. 陳宗駿、俞秋豐、陳恩倫、陳文民、陳明義 (2006) 合水溪及椿谷溪流域植群之研究。林業研究季刊28 (4):1–12。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴韋愷(2016)。以地形濕度指標及太陽輻射指標搭配長用地形變數於首輪迭代物種分布模擬。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2016。1-119。
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