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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 198 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 王莞茜(2012)。園藝輔療之效益-以育幼院院童為例。未出版之碩士論文,虎尾科技大學休閒遊憩研究所,雲林。
  2. 6. 王瀅筑、陳炳堯、朱僑麗(2009)。園藝活動對養護機構住民身心功能之影響,長期照護雜誌,13(3),325-337。
  3. 7. 王麗華(2013)。園藝活動對精神分裂者專注力、情緒穩定、人際互動及自信心之成效對幼兒教育的啟示。未出版之碩士論文,朝陽科技大學,台中。
  4. 9. 白尊仁(2009)。國小特教班從事園藝植栽之行動研究。未出版之碩士論文,台北教育大學自然科學教育研究所,台北。
  5. 13. 吳佳晏(2012)。園藝治療對癌症患者生活品質之效益。未出版之碩士論文,台灣大學園藝研究所,台北。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃昱(Yu Huang);李慧玲(Hui-Ling Lee);林美儀(Mei-Yi Lin);莊雯芳(Wen-Fang Chuang);黃嘉莉(Chi-Li Haung)(2018)。某精神專科醫院慢性住院病人園藝工作訓練模式之建立。榮總護理。35(1)。51-60。 
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