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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林欽榮。人力資源管理。臺北市:揚智,民91年。
  2. 趙其文。人力資源管理:理論、策略、方法、例證。臺北市:華泰,民91年。
  3. 吳碧蓮。「台灣地區大學圖書館館員工作滿意度影響因素探討」。圖書與資訊學刊26期(民87年8月):頁79-92。
  4. 呂春嬌。「激勵理論在圖書館管理上之應用探討」。大學圖書館5卷2期 (民90年9月):頁113-128。
  5. 高文彬。「從企業再生工程談圖書館的人力資源發展」。大學圖書館1卷2期(民86年4月):頁69-94。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂明珠(2015)。從大學圖書館績優編目員職涯發展歷程探討其專業成長。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2015。1-211。 
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