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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 51 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.陳逸文(1998),銀行授信之風險管理,台灣金融財務季刊,第1輯,第1期。
  2. 3.黃曼琴、劉烱森(2011),中小企業授信風險評估要素研究─層級分析法之應用,管理研究學報,第十一卷第二期。
  3. 6.陳家彬、江惠櫻、賴怡洵(2003),商業銀行對企業技信決策考量因素與授信品質之關係,管理評論 第二十二卷第二期。
  4. 7.鄭宗明(2005),國內中小企業貸款違約預測模式之研究-以某商業銀行為例。
  5. 10.李樑堅(1999),中小企業授信評估模式建立之研究,台大管理論叢,第九卷第二期。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴彥廷(2016)。A銀行中彰地區中小企業授信風險因素之探討。朝陽科技大學財務金融系學位論文。2016。1-49。
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