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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 66 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁雪茵、鄭伯壎、任金剛(1996)「質性研究中研究者的角色與主觀性」,本土心理學研究(6):354-376。
  2. 行政院農業委員會(2005) 中華民國九十四年農業統計月報,台灣台北。
  3. 李麗日、古平昌、張鈺姿、陳芳雅、簡士佳(2002)「從自由時報家庭婦女版之內容分析看民國80年與民國90年女性議題的發展」,社會科教育研究(7):1-25。
  4. 岳修平(1999)「農民使用網路化農業資訊需求與行為之研究」,農業推廣學報16:1-15
  5. 高淑貴(2000)「農村老人生活調適之研究」,農業推廣學報26:27-57
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張郁蔚(Yu-Wei Chang);邵芷羚(Jhih-Ling Shao)(2017)。從資訊來源觀點探討農民資訊尋求行為。圖書資訊學刊。15(2)。67-99。 
  2. 朱慶恩(2008)。政府舉辦節慶活動對地方文化產業影響之研究~以2006年南投陶與竹文化藝術節為例。中興大學農村規劃研究所學位論文。2008。1-127。
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