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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3. 鄒哲宗, 尹華文, 林天書, and 夏滄琪. 1998. 利用紙廠污泥製造纖維泥水泥板及其性質之研究. 台灣林業科學 13:365-372.
  2. 1. Alegre, M. T., M. C. Rodriguez, and J. M. Mesas. 2004. Transformation of Lactobacillus plantarum by electroporation with in vitro modified plasmid DNA. FEMS Microbiol Lett 241:73-7.
  3. 2. Allgeier, R. J., Peterson, W. H., Fred, E. B. 1929. Production of Acetic and Lactic Acids from Mill Sawdust. Ind. Eng. Chem. 21:1039-1042.
  4. 3. Asha Poorna, C., and P. Prema. 2007. Production of cellulase-free endoxylanase from novel alkalophilic thermotolerent Bacillus pumilus by solid-state fermentation and its application in wastepaper recycling. Bioresour Technol 98:485-90.
  5. 4. Belaich, A., G. Parsiegla, L. Gal, C. Villard, R. Haser, and J. P. Belaich. 2002. Cel9M, a new family 9 cellulase of the Clostridium cellulolyticum cellulosome. J Bacteriol 184:1378-84.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 葉佳蓉(2011)。利用絲瓜絡固定化Lactobacillus casei發酵黃豆水解液產製乳酸。中興大學食品暨應用生物科技學系所學位論文。2011。1-114。 
  2. 劉淑慧(2010)。利用固定化Lactobacillus casei發酵黃豆水解液產製乳酸。中興大學食品暨應用生物科技學系所學位論文。2010。1-138。 
  3. 葉例雅(2009)。利用Lactobacillus casei在批式及饋料批式方法下產製乳酸並探討發酵期間成份之變化。中興大學食品暨應用生物科技學系所學位論文。2009。1-103。 
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