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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 115 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Chase, M. W. 1986. A reappraisal of the oncidioid orchids. System. Bot. 11:477-491.
  2. Chase, M. W., L. Hanson, V. A. Albert, W. M. Whitten, and N. H. Williams. 2005. Life history evolution and genome size in subtribe Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae). Ann. of Bot. 95: 191–199.
  3. Chase, M. W. and J. S. Pippen. 1988. Seed morphology in the Oncidiinae and related subtribes (Orchidaceae). System. Bot. 13(3):313-323.
  4. Dodson, C. H. and R. L. Dressler. 1972. Two undescribed genera in the Orchidaceae-Oncidiinae. Phytologia 24(4):285-292.
  5. Félix, L. P. and M. Guerra. 1999. Chromosome analysis in Psygmorchis pusilla (L.) Dodson and Dressler: the smallest chromosome number known in Orchidaceae. Caryologia 52 (3-4):165-168.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林奕幃(2015)。紅花石蒜雙鱗片繁殖及多倍體誘導。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2015。1-67。 
  2. 林育聖(2014)。扇形文心蘭擬原球體之誘導、增殖及基因轉殖與春石斛蘭品種(系)之親源關係的研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2014。1-75。 
  3. 林依潔(2013)。扇形文心蘭誘變育種。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2013。1-76。 
  4. 劉冠廷(2012)。扇形文心蘭與文心蘭亞族植物之形態、雜交及其子代之葉片培養。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2012。1-59。 
  5. 李竹(2017)。蝴蝶蘭物種種子及其發芽之形態與商業品種雜交子代選拔。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2017。1-91。
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