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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 丁昭尤,2009,體驗行銷、體驗價值、觀光意象、遊客滿意度與忠誠度關係之研究—以台東青山休閒農場為例,國立台東大學環境經濟資訊管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  2. 6. 池文海,林憬,2004,影響國內觀光遊客滿意度之關鍵因素分析—以花蓮縣為例,Proceedings of 2004 International Conference on Hospitality Education – Internationalization of Hospitality Education, 181-197。
  3. 7. 池文海、張書豪、吳文龍,2009,觀光休閒旅館之消費者體驗研究,東吳經濟學商學學報,67: 47-78。
  4. 8. 沈進成、楊琬琪 ,2007,渡假飯店顧客體驗、體驗價值與品牌權益影響關係之研究-以劍湖山王子飯店為例,旅遊管理研究,7: 41-66。
  5. 9. 初昌樂,2008,女性海外自助旅遊者生活型態、 涉入程度與主觀幸福感之研究,國立臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所碩士論文。
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