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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方會雅(2005),「決定台灣股價指數的國際因素之探討」碩士論文,國立台灣大學經濟學研究所。
  2. Akaike, H. (1973), "Maximum Likelihood Identification of Gaussian Autoregressive Moving Average Models." Biometrika, Vol. 60, pp. 255-266.
  3. Akgiray, V. (1989), "Conditional Heteroscedasticity in the Series of Stock Return Evidence and Forecasts" Journal of Business 62, pp. 55-80.
  4. Andersen, T. G. and Bollerslev (1999), "Answering the Skeptics : Yes, Standard Volatility Models Do Provide Accurate Forecast", International Economic Review, 39, pp.885-905.
  5. Bollerslev, T. (1986), Generalized Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticitym, Journal of Econometrics 31, pp. 307-327.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 邱雋生(2009)。股價指數與西德州原油價格關係之探討-以中、港、台為例。屏東科技大學財務金融研究所學位論文。2009。1-45。 
  2. 林佑蓉(2008)。國際觀光旅館國人住宿需求彈性不對稱之研究。亞洲大學休閒與遊憩管理學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-70。
  3. 邱秀珠(2008)。國人亞洲旅遊需求彈性不對稱效果之研究。亞洲大學國際企業學系碩士班學位論文。2008。1-69。
  4. 宋俊諺(2010)。油價和太陽能電池公司股價的關聯性-以第一太陽能公司為例。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2010。1-49。
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