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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 章忠信著。著作權法的第一堂課。台北市:書泉,民95年。
  2. 王梅玲。「美國大學遠距學習圖書館服務的探討」。大學圖書館6卷2期 (民91年9月),頁65-87。
  3. 王梅玲。「網路教學帶給大學圖書館的挑戰與機會」,圖書與資訊學刊44期 (民92年2月),頁47-60。
  4. 邱玉菁。「數位學習之學習成果的再思考」。教育資料與圖書館學41卷4期 (民93年6月),頁561-581。
  5. 張蕙美。「大學圖書館使用調查:以交通大學圖書館為例」。教育資料與圖書館學36卷2期(民87年12月),頁171-196。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉煌裕(2012)。開南大學教師資訊需求與資訊尋求行為之研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2012。1-137。 
  2. 黃鈺維(2016)。電子書借閱服務持續使用意願之探討─以台灣雲端書庫@高雄為例。義守大學資訊管理學系學位論文。2016。1-81。
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