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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古世煒,2005。「生物科技園區產業群聚影響因素之研究-以台南蘭花生物科技園區為例」。碩士論文,台中健康暨管理學院經營管理研究所。
  2. 伍家德、杜啟耀,2006。「創新氛圍、知識外溢與產業群聚對科學園區廠商競爭優勢影響性之研究」,『科技管理學刊』。11(3):53-88。
  3. 行政院國家科學委員會企劃處,2004。「農業生物技國家型科技計畫」,『中華民國科學技術年鑑』。台北:行政院國家科學委員會。
  4. 行政院農業生物技術國家型科技計畫辦公室,2008/3,行政院農業生物技術產業化發展方案。台北:行政院。
  5. 行政院農業委員會,2010。『農業統計年報』。台北:行政院農業委員會。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃建龍(2015)。台灣農業生物科技園區兩岸合作策略之跨域分析。中山大學公共事務管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-304。
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