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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林子超 (2009)。靜默恆久的共生關係-菌根菌與植物。自然保育季刊65:41-44。
  2. 林子超 (2015) 大屯火山群大油坑硫磺噴氣口鄰近區域植群組成與叢枝菌根菌共生關係研究。國立中興大學森林學系博士論文。共 83 頁。
  3. 李明仁、林瑞進 (2011) 菌根菌與優質苗木的關係-逆境造林菌根苗之應用。林業研究專訊18(6): 16-19。
  4. 洪建民 (2007) 利用酸性改良劑降低粘板岩石灰性土壤pH值對土壤中鉀行為的影響。國立中興大學土壤環境科學系博士論文。共 110 頁。
  5. 陳存澤 (2008) 不同的施肥管理對土壤化學性質、酵素活性及微生物族群結構的影響。國立台灣大學農業化學系碩士論文。共 106 頁。
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