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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 林炯明(2010)。「都市熱島效應之影響及其環境意涵」。『環境與生態學報』,3卷,1期,1-15。
  2. 7. 林憲德、郭曉青、李魁鵬、陳子謙、陳冠廷(2001)。「臺灣海岸型城市之都市熱島現象與改善對策解析一以台南、高雄及新竹為例」。『都市與計劃』,28卷,3期,323-341。
  3. 9. 孫振義、林憲德(2006)。「台南地區都市熱島強度全年變動之研究」。『都市與計劃』,33卷,1期,51-68。
  4. 10. 孫振義、簡子翔(2016)。「夏季臺北都會區熱島效應之研究」。『都市與計劃』,43卷,4期,437-462。
  5. 14. 陳映融、吳治達、潘文驥、陳穆貞、龍世俊、蘇慧貞、張坤城(2016)。「老年人口自殺與熱島效應之空間關聯分析:以2000年至2008年臺北都會區生態調查研究為例」。『台灣公共衛生雜誌』,35卷,4期,406-417。
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