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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 59 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2]行政院環境保護署,2005年,中華民國環境保護統計年報。
  2. [5]行政院農業委員會,2005年,農產貿易統計要覽。
  3. [6]行政院農業委員會,2005年,農業統計年報。
  4. [7]行政院農業委員會,2005年,糧食供需年報。
  5. [8]行政院農業委員會中部辦公室,2005年,臺灣地區農產品批發市場年報。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江彥陵(2008)。台南縣學甲鎮能源作物之潛在供給曲線分析-經濟分析與地理資訊系統之整合應用。中興大學應用經濟學系所學位論文。2008。1-79。 
  2. 黃慧玲(2008)。我國生質能源產業之分析。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-72。
  3. 林雅芬(2008)。我國運輸部門發展燃料酒精之成本有效性分析。臺北大學自然資源與環境管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-110。
  4. 劉坤岳(2008)。台灣糖質作物轉化生質酒精生產的可行性分析。清華大學工業工程與工程管理學系學位論文。2008。1-51。
  5. 陳民忠(2009)。生質能源政策對永續發展之探討—以台灣地區生質柴油發展為例。臺北科技大學管理學院工業工程與管理EMBA專班學位論文。2009。1-113。
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