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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Abdelbaki, G. K., F. Siefritz, H. M. Man, H. Welner, R. Kaldenhoff, and W. M. Kaiser. 2000. Nitrate reductase in Zea mays L. under salinity. Plant Cell Environ. 23: 515-521.
  2. Alfocea, F. P., M. T. Estan, A. S. Cruz, and M. Bolarin. 1993. Effects of salinity on nitrate, total nitrogen, soluble protein and free amino acid levels in tomato plants. J. Hort. Sci. 68(6): 1021-1027.
  3. Amr, A. and N. Hadidi. 2001. Effect of cultivar and harvest date on nitrate and nitrite content of selected vegetables grown under open field and greenhouse conditions in Jordan. J. Food Comp. Analy. 14:59-67.
  4. Anastasios S. 2000. Nitrate levels in lettuce at three times during a diurnal period. J. veg. crop prod. 6(2): 37-42.
  5. Angeles, M. B., A. Cerda, and S. H. Lips. 1994. Kinetics of NO3- and NH4+ uptake by wheat seedlings. Effect of salinity and nitrogen source. J. Plant Physiol. 144: 53-57.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃盈潔(2015)。遮陰、有機質肥料及鉬噴施對油菜生長及硝酸根離子含量之影響。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2015。1-73。 
  2. 江柏慶(2014)。馬拉巴栗新栽培模式。臺灣大學園藝學研究所學位論文。2014。1-97。 
  3. 劉冠伶(2011)。植物工廠量產低硝酸鹽萵苣之研究。臺灣大學生物產業機電工程學研究所學位論文。2011。1-61。 
  4. 陳坤峯(2011)。小白菜品種硝酸鹽含量差異之研究。臺灣大學園藝學研究所學位論文。2011。1-79。 
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