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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Achtman, M., Kusecek, B., Morelli, G., Eickmann, K., Wang, J.F., Crowe, B., Wall, R.A., Hassan-King, M., Moore, P.S., Zollinger, W. 1992. A comparison of the variable antigens expressed by clone IV-1 and subgroup III of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A. J. Infect. Dis. 165(1):53-68.
  2. Achtman, M., Neibert, M., Crowe, B.A., Strittmatter, W., Kusecek, B., Weyse, E., Walsh, M.J., Slawig, B., Morelli, G., Moll, A., and Blake, M. 1988. Purification and characterization of eight class 5 outer membrane protein variants from a clone of Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A. J Exp Med. 168:507-525.
  3. Achtman, M., Wall, R.A., Bopp, M., Kusecek, B., Morelli, G., Saken, E., Hassan-King, M. 1991. Variation in class 5 protein expression by serogroup A meningococci during a meningitis epidemic. J Infect Dis. 164:375-382.
  4. Adu-Bobie J., Lupetti, P., Brunelli, B., Granoff, D., Norais, N., Ferrari, G., Grandi, G., Rappuoli, R., Pizza, M. 2004. GNA33 of Neisseria meningitidis is a lipoprotein required for cell separation, membrane architecture, and virulence. Infect Immun. 72(4):1914-1919.
  5. Andersen, B.M. 1978. Mortality in meningococcal infection. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. 10:277-282.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高亦芬(2008)。奈瑟氏腦膜炎雙球菌之膜蛋白Ag473不同長度重複串聯序列(EAVTEAK)的結構特性分析。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2008。1-86。 
  2. 張君銘(2007)。腦膜炎雙球菌表面脂蛋白 Ag473 之功能分析及其抗原決定位之界定。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2007。1-61。
  3. 江秋敏(2007)。腦膜炎雙球菌抗原之基因選殖、表現以及其抗體之製備。中興大學生命科學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-70。
  4. 譚美珍(2008)。腦膜炎雙球菌脂蛋白Ag473功能之初步探討。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2008。1-55。
  5. 陳彗軒(2008)。Ag473 蛋白質在 Neisseria spp. 差異表現之特性描述。中興大學分子生物學研究所學位論文。2008。1-52。
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