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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林子超、顏江河 (2010) 台灣西部海岸林適生植物內生菌根菌調查研究。林業研究季刊 32 (4):23-24 。
  2. 林瑞進 (2012)從「微小」處著眼─應用菌根苗在 海岸保安林復育的契機 林業研究專訊 (19) :43-46。
  3. 陳財輝、呂錦明 (1988) 苗栗海岸沙丘木麻黃人工林之生長及林份生物量。林業試驗所研究報告季刊 3(1):333-343。
  4. 陳財輝、邱志郁、陳振興 (2008) 雲林四湖低濕海岸林地土壤特性。中華林學季刊41(4):483-492。
  5. 陳財輝、韓明琦 (2011) 不同地區海岸林的營造與管理。 林業研究專訊 18 (4):10-14。
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