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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 49 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.曾冠球,(2007),評估研究的演進與挑戰:政策民主化觀點的檢視,中國行政,78:55-87。
  2. 2.王文科、王智弘,(2010),質的研究的信度和效度,彰化師大教育學報,17:29-50。
  3. 3.王光旭、鍾瑞萱,(2014),青年學子參與社區營造之研究-以臺南市土溝村為例,台灣社區工作與社區研究學刊,4(2):45-94。
  4. 4.陳琇惠、林子婷,(2012),台中市外籍配偶福利服務措施之成效評估研究-第四代政策評估觀點,台灣社區工作與社區研究學刊,2(2):41-80。
  5. 5.顏國樑、宋美瑤,(2012),苗栗縣國民小學攜手計畫課後扶助執行成效之分析與建議,學校行政雙月刊,83:177-197。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊詠鈞(2017)。台中市高齡者參與僱工購料之生活滿意度研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2017。1-83。
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