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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4.吳青松 (1993),台灣資訊電子業關鍵成功因素之探討,管理科學學報。
  2. 22.盧瑞芬、謝啟瑞 (2003),臺灣醫院產業的市場結構與發展趨勢分析,經濟論
  3. 24.郭家豪 (2003),署立嘉義醫院經營策略之研究,成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,台南。
  4. 26.許惠雅 (2004),台灣無線區域網路系統設備製造商之價值鏈研究,成功大學企業管理研究所碩士論文,台南。
  5. 1.Ansoff, H. I. and McDonnell (1965). Implanting Strategic Management. UK, Prentice-Hall .
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴惠鈴(2015)。台灣塑鋼窗產業銷售者市場結構之探討。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2015。1-72。
  2. 羅偉晉(2015)。建構社會企業參與都市農業發展之價值鏈 -以興大有機農夫市集為例。朝陽科技大學建築系建築及都市設計碩博士班學位論文。2015。1-136。
  3. 陳禹帆(2016)。國際醫療健檢與醫美關鍵成功因素與困境之探討。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-132。
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