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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 199 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 98年農業統計年報。2009。行政院農業委員會。p. 70-71。
  2. 沈再發、許淼淼。1990。溫室洋香瓜水耕之養分吸收研究。中華農業研究。39(1):
  3. 人農友社會福利基金會編印。高雄。
  4. 李國明。1999。哈密瓜產期調節之研究-不同節位留果對產期及產量
  5. 林楨祐 陳甘澍 林照能。2009。東方甜瓜之設施栽培技術介
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳鈴淵(2015)。容器大小、植株密度和介質配方對東方型甜瓜生長的影響。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2015。1-52。 
  2. 林祥智(2014)。光皮洋香瓜直立式栽培養液、整枝及連作障礙之研究。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2014。1-80。 
  3. 楊証閔(2013)。根溫處理對甜瓜與番茄生長之影響。中興大學園藝學系所學位論文。2013。1-86。 
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