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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 26 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. A. Abellán , J.M. Vilaplana, J. Martínez, Application of a long-range Terrestrial Laser Scanner to a detailedrockfall study at Vall de Núria (Eastern Pyrenees,Spain), Engineering Geology 88 , pp.136–148(2006)
  2. 2. Du.J.C and H.C.Teng , “3D laser scanning and GPS technology for landslide earthword volume estimation”, Automation in Construction , pp.657-663(2007).
  3. 3. B. Villemus and J.C. Morel and C. Boutin, Experimental assessment of dry stone retaining wall stability on a rigid foundation , Engineering Structures 29 , pp.2124–2132(2007).
  4. 5. TOPCON , TopSURV Onboard Reference Manual .
  5. 2. 林建忠,「雷射測距技術與研究現況」,OPTOLINK-PIDA (Photonics Industry & Technology Development Association, 1999)。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳燕龍(2010)。應用現地掃描與攝影測量於空間土石變異量之可行性研究-以藤枝林道3.5K下方坡面為例。中興大學土木工程學系所學位論文。2010。1-79。 
  2. 鐘琬婷(2011)。應用無人工佈標之近景攝影測量建立災害邊坡數值地形模型。臺北科技大學土木與防災研究所學位論文。2011。1-77。 
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