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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Acuna, M. E., Villanueva, C., Cardenas, Christen, P., and Revah, S. (2002) “The Effect of Nutrient Concentration on Biofilm Formation on Peat and Gas Phase Toluene Biodegradation Under Biofiltration Conditions.” Pro. Biochem., Vol. 38, pp. 7~13.
  2. Allen, E. R., and Yang, Y. (1991) “Biofiltration Control of Hydrogen Sulfide Emissions.” Proc. Air & Waste Mgmt. Assn. 84th, Annual Meeting & Exhibition.
  3. Apel, W. A., and Barreet, K. B. (1994) “Removal of Gasoline Vapors from Air Streams by Biofiltration.” Ame. Chem. Soc., pp. 142~159.
  4. Bohn, H. L. (1993) “Biofiltration: Design Principles and Pitfall.” Proc. Air & Waste Mgmt. Assn. 86th, Annual Meeting & Exhibition.
  5. Chitwood, D. E., Devinny, J. S., and Reynolds Jr., F. E. (1999) “Evaluation of a two-stage biofilter for treatment of POTW waste air.” Environ. Prog., 18(3) ,212~221.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李秋緻(2007)。以生物濾床法處理混合臭味物質之研究。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2007。1-85。
  2. 陳智宏(2007)。台灣高科技產業常用氣體使用情形推估—以某氣體供應商為例。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2007。1-100。
  3. 林志忠(2009)。應用UV/O3氧化程序礦化液相中二甲基亞碸之研究。臺北科技大學環境規劃與管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-86。
  4. 蔡明安(2013)。臺中市印刷業空氣污染物排放特性與管制策略。中興大學環境工程學系所學位論文。2013。1-71。
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